Paul Bowles's musical friends featured on this page are the composer and conductor  Leonard Bernstein, who conducted the premiere of Bowles's operetta The Wind Remains in 1946, composer Ivan Tcherepnin, pianists Bennett Lerner and Gustavo Romero, and Phillip Ramey and Aaron Copland. Irene Herrmann, the literary heir of the estate of Paul Bowles, and Mick Jagger with Kenneth Lisenbee. Baron Raffaello de Banfield Tripcovich, director of the Trieste Opera, and the British musicologist David Drew in Tangier. Also shown here is composer Richard Horowitz, who composed some of the music for Bernardo Bertolucci's 1989 film adaptation of The Sheltering Sky, and the Jilala musicians in Tangier, who visited and performed for Paul Bowles regularly.


Leonard Bernstein

The American conductor and composer Leonard Bernstein: above left, the 1940s Wunderkind who had conducted the premiere of Paul Bowles' operetta The Wind Remains in 1943; No. 4 of Bernstein's Seven Anniversaries for Piano is inscribed "For Paul Bowles." Above, the Leonard Bernstein U. S. postage stamp issued in 2000.  Below left, three generations of Bowles' musical colleagues: composer Aaron Copland, pianist Bennett Lerner, composer Phillip Ramey, Leonard Bernstein, New York, 1983. More information about Leonard Bernstein may be found on his official Web site: www.LeonardBernstein.com.



Composer Ivan Tcherepnin with Paul Bowles in Tangier, 1996


Paul Bowles with Gustavo Romero, the pianist who premiered Bowles' long-lost Tamanar (see: "Sixty Years in Limbo: the Rediscovery of Tamanar"), Tangier, 1996; at right, in front of the Salle Beckett; below, with pianist Irene Herrmann, Paul Bowles's musical heir.



Irene Herrmann

The musical heir of the estate of Paul Bowles



Irene Herrmann with Kenneth Lisenbee, Tangier. 1998 With Karim Jihad Achouatte, outside Chaouen, Morocco, 1998


Baron Raffaello de Banfield Tripcovich
Baron Raffaello de Banfield Tripcovich



Paul Bowles with Baron Raffaello de Banfield Tripcovich, director of the Trieste Opera and composer of the opera Lord Byron's Love Letter (to an original libretto by Tennessee Williams), Tangier, 1988. (Raffaello de Banfield Tripcovich was born on June 2, 1922 in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England; he died in Rive d’Arcano, Italy on January 7, 2008, at age 85.)

Mick Jagger with Kenneth Lisenbee in Paul Bowles' apartment  in 1989, when the Rolling Stones were in Tangier to record with the Master Musicians of Jajouka led by Bachir Attar.



Phillip Ramey and British musicologist David Drew discuss repertory for a Bowles CD on Largo Records, Tangier, 1995


Richard Horowitz

Composer Richard Horowitz first met Paul Bowles in 1974 in Tangier. Bowles recommended Horowitz to the American Academy of Arts and Letters for the Goddard Lieberson Composition Award in 1982. Horowitz has has composed scores for many feature films, receiving the Golden Globe and Los Angeles Film Critics awards for his music for the Bernardo Bertolucci film adaptation of Bowles' novel The Sheltering Sky. Horowitz also knew the Beat Generation writer and painter Brion Gysin, a friend of Bowles. This photograph of Horowitz with Paul Bowles was made in 1989 by Abdelouahaid Boulaich, Paul's driver, at the H�tel Rif in Tangier. For further information about Richard Horowitz and his work, visit his official  site www.RichardHorowitz.com

  Richard Horowitz with Paul Bowles, as photographed by Cherie Nutting near Bowles' apartment building in Tangier in 1989. Horowitz collaborated with The Master Musicians of Jajouka led by Bachir Attar during the filming of The Sheltering Sky, and Horowitz has visited the Master Musicians and their leader Bachir Attar in the village of Jajouka, near Ksar-el-Kebir.

In 1997, Richard Horowitz co-founded with Neila Tazi and Andr� Azoulay The Gnaoua and World Music Festival in Essaouira, Morocco. This large music festival, held each year in June, has become very popular and attracts a worldwide audience to Essaouira. Horowitz speaks fluent Arabic and he visits Morocco often.

The Sheltering Sky was filmed in various locations in Morocco in 1989 by Italian cinematographer Bernardo Bertolucci shown here (left) with musician Richard Horowitz (center), and writer and composer Paul Bowles (right), who wrote the novel.




"Zane", leader of the Jilala musicians in Tangier, visited Paul Bowles regularly.




While Paul Bowles was a serious classical composer, far more interested in classical music and native Moroccan music, over the years he sometimes received visitors from rock groups, folk singers and other recording artists. Shown here are members of the German rock musical group, Dissidenten, now based in Berlin, who visited Bowles in 1983. From left to right: Uve M�llrich, Marlon Klein, Mohammed Mrabet, Paul Bowles, and Friedo Josch. Dissidenten also recorded in Tangier, where the group became acquainted with traditional Moroccan musicians including the Jilala.


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